Uavs are a component of an unmanned aircraft system uas. Multidisciplinary design optimization of long endurance. The drone databook is the result of a year long study of open source literature on the development, acquisition, organization, and use of unmanned aerial vehicles in a military and security context. Nov 15, 2018 if gravimetric power and energy densities are higher than 600 wkg and 1800 whkg, respectively, flight endurance of the uav will be longer than 24 h. Aiaa, aerospace design conference, irvine, ca, 36 february 1992. Sixteen potential hale uav configurations were initially developed. Easy used catapult takeoff and parachute recovery system. Zephyr would offer very longendurance surveillance that can be flown in on jet transports, unlike a blimp.
The uav is required to provide perpetual endurance at a geographic latitude of 45 n in a 4month. As he looked at the history of unmanned planes, he noticed that each time a conflict broke out, wellintentioned american engineers would get to work on the latest unmanned concepts all but blind to the work of those who came before them. Design and configuration layouts of an advanced long endurance uav lessons learnt after flight testing. Free download of design considerations for long endurance unmanned aerial vehicles by johan meyer, francois du plessis, willem clarke. Design and testing of three tailless unmanned aerial. Richard fisher, a uav specialist, commented in 2010 that at the 2000 zhuhai air show, the guizhou wz2000 was revealed. The 475lb vanilla va001 ultralongendurance uav has managed a flight lasting 121. Above is an image of a current drone that hold the record of highest flight time.
Unmanned aerial vehicle 100% report fiu department of. Boeings subsidiary, insitu, created the scaneagle as a small, lowaltitude, longendurance drone used primarily for reconnaissance. Low reynolds number, long endurance aircraft design, foch, r. This highaltitude long endurance or hale uav again has a unique diamond shaped wing design with a wingspan of more than 22 m. The databook does not address drone acquisitions by nonmilitary agencies or entities, most military drones that existed prior to the 1980s. Pdf version of design considerations for long endurance unmanned aerial vehicles by johan meyer, francois du plessis, willem clarke. The first step performs a single objective aerodynamic optimization and the second step involves a coupled dual objective aerodynamic and structural optimization. The design goal is to create a stealthy, autonomous uav that can function in medium to highthreat combat zones. Design of solar powered high altitude long endurance. Structural analysis of composite wing using finite element method.
For these cases, loitering speeds can be and are relatively low, hence resulting in a low reynolds number flight. High altitude long endurance unmanned aerial vehicle. Design, manufacturing and testing of a long endurance uav effect of control simulations 2015360364 a long endurance high efficiency unmanned aerial vehicle uav is being developed by a group of researchers and students in the mechanical engineering technology program at algonquin college, ottawa, on, canada. Design of solar powered high altitude long endurance unmanned. Fuel injected for high reliability and ease of use. The dassault neuron is an experimental unmanned combat aerial vehicle ucav being developed with international cooperation, led by the french company dassault aviation. Vanilla aircraft va001 ultralongendurance unmanned aircraft. Apr 29, 2016 there are 6,109 bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists employed in the greater houston area read conceptual and preliminary design for a hale uav. The pilotless aircraft design and research organizations were founded in nai, biaa and npu.
Small uav research and evolution in long endurance. It was a squat twinjet powered delta winged highaltitude long endurance uav, which, by the 2002 zhuhai show, evolved into a mediumsized uav, and by the 2008 zhuhai show, appeared to form the basis for an armed turbofan powered unmanned combat aerial vehicle ucav similar. Carter4, michael ol5, cale zeune6 usaf air force research laboratory, wpafb, oh, 11111. Design gust alleviation controller for highly flexible. Proceedings of 28th international congress of the aeronautical sciences, brisbane, september 2012, paper 763. The mission requirements are derived from civilian surveillance applications, such as forest, coast or border patrol. Aerial surveillance with lowaltitude longendurance tethered. Process, tools, and design methodologies applied to high altitude long endurance unmanned aerial vehicle pdf, azw kindle, epub. It is electric powered and fueled by solar cells so lets take it as an example but please dont. Development of a small long endurance hybrid pem fuel cell. Pdf design considerations for long endurance unmanned aerial. In the stage of conceptual design of a solar uav, in order to estimate the scheme rapidly and accurately, it is necessary to consider the. Design of landing gear for medium altitude long endurance.
Research article by international journal of aerospace engineering. Design and testing of three tailless unmanned aerial vehicle. The drone databook is the result of a yearlong study of open source literature on the development, acquisition, organization, and use of unmanned aerial vehicles in a military and security context. Design of a highaltitude longendurance solarpowered unmanned air vehicle for multipayload and operations 27 april 2007 proceedings of the institution of mechanical engineers, part g. Aerodynamic design of the solarpowered high altitude long endurance hale unmanned aerial vehicle uav seungjae hwang, sanggon kim, cheolwon kim and yunggyo lee aerodynamic division, korea aerospace research institute, daejeon 343, republic of korea abstract. Small uav research and evolution in long endurance electric powered vehicles michael j. Design of solar high altitude long endurance aircraft for multi.
Design considerations for long endurance unmanned aerial vehicles. The aim of this book is to design a high altitude and long endurance hale uav after comparing and analysing the existing solar powered uavs that has to be used in variety of applications as for military as well as commercial purposes. American institute of aeronautics and astronautics 12700 sunrise valley drive, suite 200 reston, va 201915807 703. Xhale is an experimental university of michigan highaltitude, long endurance uav, or drone, designed to improve flight efficiency with lightweight, long and thin, aircraft wings. In order to achieve the design goal, besides the wing and propulsion, the fuselage gives great contribution as well. Skyfront 5 hour endurance hybrid electric drones for. Abstractthis paper presents the conceptual design, detailed development and.
Methodologies and tools to conceptually design high altitude. The aim of this thesis is to achieve the preliminary design of a solar powered. Zephyr ultralong endurance uavs defense industry daily. Design, manufacturing and testing of a long endurance uav. Design and development of autonomous uninhabited air. Johan meyer, francois du plessis and willem clarke january 1st 2009.
Jan 15, 2014 small uav research and evolution in long endurance electric powered vehicles. Book description lap lambert academic publishing jul 2012, 2012. Conceptual design of small unmanned aerial vehicle with. Control architecture for a tailsitter unmanned air vehicle.
Design considerations for a low altitude long endurance. Top 35 most expensive military drones military machine. Countries involved in this project include france, greece, italy, spain, sweden and switzerland. Design considerations for long endurance unmanned aerial vehicles, aerial vehicles, thanh. The first part of the discussion will be air frame design to achieve long flight time. The unmanned aerial vehicle uav stands roughly five feet tall with a wingspan over 10 feet.
The all composite blended wing body unmanned system is flying for 3. Design and performance evaluation of propeller for solar. Uavs, which could cover the same area as long endurance uavs in a much shorter time. The proposed solar aircraft design framework provides a simple method to. Motter3 nasa langley research center, hampton, va 23681 dennis l. Skimming through them gave me an idea that almost all of these books start from basic definitions to givin.
Design gust alleviation controller for highly flexible solar uav. Conflicts need persistent surveillance with a wide field of view, and a uav that has low support costs or infrastructure needs, is easily transported in other aircraft, and can stay in the air for 14 days or more, would have its own niche. The structure of the wing of high altitude long endurance hale unmanned aerial vehicle uav is highly flexible, its oscillation is obvious and coupled with the flight dynamic responses of the uav, this influent the flight security seriously. Pdf design considerations for long endurance unmanned. High altitude long endurance air vehicle analysis of alternatives and technology requirements development craig l. Long endurance electric uav for civilian surveillance missions. This paper presents design considerations for a low altitude long endurance solar powered unmanned aerial vehicle lale uav. Process, tools, and design methodologies applied to high altitude long.
It was a squat twinjet powered delta winged highaltitude longendurance uav, which, by the 2002 zhuhai show, evolved into a mediumsized uav, and by the 2008 zhuhai show, appeared to form the basis for an armed turbofan powered unmanned combat aerial. In the 1990s, the author oversaw development of two of the pentagons most advanced uavs. Available at a lower price from other sellers that may not offer free prime shipping. Neuware the aim of this book is to design a high altitude and long endurance hale uav after comparing and analyse the existing solar powered uavs that has to be used in variety of applications as for military as well as commercial purposes. Uav, meant to be used for long endurance civilian surveillance missions. There is a growing request for a solarpowered high altitude long endurance hale aircraft that. Design considerations for long endurance unmanned aerial.
Marathon long endurance uav development aerospace sciences. Unmanned aerial vehicles are ideally suited for long endurance applications, but to be ab le to make full use of this feature, effective powe r sources need to be developed to ensure the. High altitude long endurance air vehicle analysis of. Feb 16, 2020 this uav built for lowaltitude and for lowendurance missions is built by insitu, a boeing subsidiary. Scaneagle at navy seal museum the scaneagle in our collection is an example of the lowcost, longendurance, autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle uav designed and built by boeings insitu group. A hybrid propulsion system for a highendurance uav. A solarpowered handlaunchable uav for lowaltitude multi. This paper presents a conceptual project of a highaltitude longendurance unmanned aerial vehicle.
The period of performance will be one year from the date of award which is estimated to occur in. World flight endurance record of 54,4 hours since 2012 penguin c is readytofly long endurance, long range unmanned aerial system penguin b is most widely used commercial airframe for system integrators airbus space and defence, dlr, insitu pacific, wright patterson afb, naval research laboratory. For a continuous surveillance mission using a swarm of multiple tethered lowaltitude long endurance lale multirotortype unmanned aerial vehicles uavs, we developed a 500 w class photovoltaic power management system ppms which monitors voltage and current flows of photovoltaic pv panels, battery pack, and uav and controls power flows to support uav flight operation. Download conceptual and preliminary design for a hale uav.
Atmospheric satellite united states usage, abbreviated atmosat or pseudosatellite british usage is a marketing term for an aircraft that operates in the atmosphere at high altitudes for extended periods of time, in order to provide services conventionally provided by an artificial satellite orbiting in space atmospheric satellites remain aloft through atmospheric lift, either aerostatic. The flight of uavs may operate with various degrees of autonomy. The objective of this study was to develop a variety of high altitude long endurance hale unmanned aerial vehicle uav conceptual designs for two operationally useful missions hurricane science and communications relay and compare their performance and cost characteristics. From the lowspeed predator ernst, 1996 and condor johnstone and arntz, 1990 to global hawk heber, 1996 and darkstar berman, 1997, these aircraft share several aerodynamic challenges, but also illustrate the differences among uavs in this class. If gravimetric power and energy densities are higher than 600 wkg and 1800 whkg, respectively, flight endurance of the uav will be longer than 24 h. Design of solar powered high altitude long endurance unmanned biplanes. Jun 21, 2012 american institute of aeronautics and astronautics 12700 sunrise valley drive, suite 200 reston, va 201915807 703. Aircraft landing gear serves as a mechanism to support weight of the aircraft during landing, takeoff, taxiing and also provide a shock absorbing function. An unmanned aerial vehicle uav or uncrewed aerial vehicle, commonly known as a drone is an aircraft without a human pilot on board and a type of unmanned vehicle. In the design part, aerodynamics designs including. I want to build a fixed wing drone with the longest possible endurance possible. Pdf design of a high altitude long endurance flyingwing. The considerations addressed include the determination of the available solar power, the design of the uav wing for long endurance flights and the determination of the electrical power and energy balance of the uav. This paper presents a conceptual project of a highaltitude long endurance unmanned aerial vehicle.
Design gust alleviation controller for highly flexible solar uav abstract. The turbofan engine can power it to a speed of 750 kmhour, range of 7,000 km and a ceiling of 18 km. The secret behind our long flight times is our proprietary fuelinjected g2k hybridelectric. Unmanned aerial vehicles are ideally suited for long endurance applications, but to.
Design and development of autonomous uninhabited air vehicles at itb. Also included in this book are a variety of subjects on the. Solar uav design framework for a hale flight emerald insight. The considerations addressed include the determination of the available solar power, the design of the uav wing for long endurance flights and the determination. Typical structure of uav multirotor uav aerodynamics finalization of boundary of uav design of propeller design of frame design of landing gear structures frame structural design structural analysis on sticks finalization of arms sticks study about bending moment and shear force distance between. Xhale is an experimental university of michigan highaltitude, longendurance uav, or drone, designed to improve flight efficiency with lightweight, long and thin, aircraft wings. Unmanned aircraft systems delivers a much needed introduction to uav system. This study suggested a conceptual design method for a small uav with a pemfc system based on energy, and performance targets of the pemfc system for a long endurance mission of the small uav. For uavs to perform these long endurance applications, their power sources need to be developed to ensure the long endurance functionality of the propulsion system and onboard equipment 12. Im thinking electric pusherfor aerial video with solar panels and alternators to charge the batteries. It describes a number of historical, current and prospective hale aircraft and considers existing four serious obstacles, to overcome them can mean the successful building of hale aircraft. In the last few years, the interest regarding solar powered aircraft has increased significantly and, in particular, the attention has been focused on unmanned aerial vehicles uav, able to perform high altitude and long endurance hale missions for telecommunication, remote sensing, surveillance and control, both for civil and military applications. Castral aerospace launches long endurance ppx small unmanned. Scaneagles can loiter on station for over 15 hours and are capable of withstanding harsh environments and heavy weather including high wind and.
Aerospace vehicle design requirements border patrol for 6400 sq. Several aspects of uav aerodynamics, from configuration design to. Penguin c long endurance, long range small tactical uav. Aerospace and defense industries aircraft design drone aircraft information management numerical analysis solar energy unmanned aerial vehicles. The lockheed martin boeing tier 3 darkstar was a stealthy design that resembled a big pumpkin seed with a long straight wing at the rear.
Uavs have their origins as early as 1915 when nikolai tesla wrote a dissertation in which he described an armed, pilotlessaircraft designed to defend the united. Longendurance uavs hey guys, i was hoping to get some pointers on a question i have regarding the aerodynamics of longendurance uavs. Design considerations for a low altitude long endurance solar. The preliminary wing design of a low speed, long endurance uav is formulated as a two step optimization problem. I would take help of forums while building the drone, but never thought of using a book. Discover delightful childrens books with prime book box, a subscription that delivers new books every 1, 2, or 3 months new customers receive 15% off your first box. Unmanned aerial vehicles uavs chinese intelligence systems. This study will present the design optimization of a onemeter uav, called eternity, which shows. Light scale long endurance uav surveillance system 1.
Design concept of a highaltitude longendurance unmanned. Design of landing gear for medium altitude long endurance male unmanned aerial vehicle this paper examines the procedure adopted for the design of uav landing gear. The flight range of uav is limited by the amount of fuel it carries. Design and performance evaluation of propeller for solarpowered highaltitude long endurance unmanned aerial vehicle. Process, tools, and design methodologies applied to high altitude long endurance unmanned aerial vehicle sammartano, domenico, serghides, varnavas c. As such, long endurance is desired, which is tackled by a careful lightweight airframe design and an electric propulsion system assisted with solar cell arrays. China is set to get a new, supersonic unmanned aircraft that. Abandoned excavator left in woods for 16 years will it start duration. Hale uavs developed in the past 30 years represent a wide range of flow conditions. Conceptual and preliminary design of a long endurance electric. The lockheed martin boeing tier 3 darkstar was a stealthy design that resembled a big pumpkin seed with a.345 858 1129 592 1350 963 35 788 1311 749 692 1190 1211 600 688 492 317 143 154 760 373 746 48 727 140 275 1552 625 1062 887 100 1340 366 1301 1128 312 73 349 191 475 144